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WHAT ARE INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY RIGHTS?

Industrial property rights consist of:
- innovation right (patents, useful models, integrated circuit topographies, new plant varieties, know-how),
- distinctive signs (trade marks, names of origin and geographical indications, industrial design, business name)
- competition right (repressing unfair competition).

Creations of mind as inventions, useful models, integrated circuit topographies, plant varieties, know-how, as well as a practical application of ideas (knowledge, information), play a role in creating a new essential quality of goods, determined by their technological (functional, utilitarian) characteristics. Other intellectual creations, as industrial design and applied art works, serve as the basis to upgrade formal quality of a product, determined through its new visual, aesthetic appearance.

Commercial symbols as trade marks, business names or geographical indications of origin (names of origin and geographical indications) are used to develop market and marketing quality of goods and services, by making a difference between them or between companies or geographical regions they come from, or where their reputation, goodwill or commercial value comes from.

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